Earth Day 2013 Observes ‘Faces Of Climate Change’: 8 Amazing Facts About Climate Change Unknown To Many

By Gopi Chandra Kharel on April 22, 2013 4:22 AM EDT

Gaylord Nelson, then a U.S. Senator from Wisconsin, who was saddened by the 1969 massive oil spill in Santa Barbara, California, dreamt of a mass movement that could nudge people towards thinking about air and water pollution and put environmental protection onto the national agenda.

April 22, 1970, saw the materialization of the Nelson's dream when the first ever Earth Day was celebrated. A staggering 20 million Americans took to the streets to urge fellow human beings to work towards sustainable environment across the country.

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The day is observed as Earth Day in around 190 countries, with activities coordinated by the non-profit Earth Day Network.

The theme of Earth Day 2013 is "The Face of Climate Change" campaigned by the Earth Day organization that seeks to address the massive challenge the climate change presents to the Earth while calling upon the people across the world for uniting to take a decisive action for the cause.

Here are some amazing facts about climate change that most people around the globe are oblivious about:

1.       The five hottest years on record have all occurred since 1997 and the 10 hottest since 1990. The warmest years on record were 2005 and 2010.

2.       The United States is home to only about 5 percent of world's total population. But the country contributes to almost 19 percent of the world's carbon emissions. China contributes to 23 percent.

3.       Deforestation and land use change has contributed to 15 percent of carbon emissions.

4.       Golden Toad (Bufo Periglenes) is the first documented species becoming extinct only because of climate change. The last one died in 1999.  Polar Bear too could vanish from the Earth in 100 years due to rapidly melting ice in the Arctic.

5.       Personal cars and trucks belonging to U.S. citizens contribute to 20 percent of the United States' carbon emissions.

6.       In an average American home, half of the entire electricity bill accounts to the use of the air conditioning and heating.

7.       Hurricanes and tropical storms will become more intense, drought will be increased and the water world will see more coral deaths - all because of climate change.

8.       Climate change has been the reason for an increase in disease-carrying pests that results in the rapid and increased spread of deadly diseases such as West Nile virus, Lyme disease, malaria and dengue fever. 

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