Brain Scans Could Detect Dyslexia in Kindergarten Children

By Susan Scutti on August 14, 2013 4:31 PM EDT

Brain Map
Researchers from MIT and Boston Children's Hospital examine the brain scans of kindergartners and discover a link between dyslexia and a bundle of axons in the brain. (Photo: Webber, Creative Commons)

Dyslexia is a learning disability that impacts up to 12 percent of the population, according to the National Institutes of Health. Common signs or symptoms include reading slowly and painfully, mixing up the order of letters when reading, a huge gap between listening comprehension and reading comprehension, and trouble spelling and writing. What may be particularly frustrating for many dyslexics is that they often possess normal or even superior intelligence - Albert Einstein, for instance, was a dyslexic as was Steve Jobs.

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No cause for dyslexia has been identified, though the disability has been linked to specific genes that regulate the development of the brain, in particular the parts of the brain that focus on language. Because dyslexia tends to run in families, it is assumed to be inherited. Although there is no cure, compensatory strategies may be taught to children with the disability, which is generally diagnosed around second grade.

new study conducted by researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Boston Children's Hospital provides evidence that might help identify children with dyslexia before they begin to read so that intervention can begin much earlier. 

Read more at MedicalDaily.com.

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