Forensics

Laboratory
ESF and ICTP Explore the Newest Breakthroughs in Geometry and Dynamics
Apr 19, 2012 06:20 AM E
The European Science Foundation (ESF) and the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) have joined forces to support, manage and co-sponsor a series of high-level conferences on Geometry and Dynamics.
Impact of Increasing Nanoparticle Concentration on Radishes
NIST/UMass Study Finds Evidence Nanoparticles May Increase Plant DNA Damage
Apr 18, 2012 16:58 PM E
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass) have provided the first evidence that engineered nanoparticles are able to accumulate within plants and damage their DNA. In a recent paper,* the team led by NIST chemist Bryant C.
Javier Solana
Europe Meets to Discuss Progress in Energy Research and Development
Apr 18, 2012 13:00 PM E
The Second European Energy Conference (E2C), which opened today in Maastricht, The Netherlands, brings together high-level researchers, policymakers and practitioners to discuss the future of European Energy. Experts from all sectors of energy will share their ideas on how to make the European energy system sustainable in terms of environmental and...
Bioenergy
Analysis Raises Atmospheric, Ecologic and Economic Doubts about Forest Bioenergy
Apr 18, 2012 12:39 PM E
A large, global move to produce more energy from forest biomass may be possible and already is beginning in some places, but scientists say in a new analysis that such large-scale bioenergy production from forest biomass is unsustainable and will increase greenhouse gas emissions.
Good Vibrations in Fight Against Cancer
Apr 18, 2012 11:22 AM E
Medicine-toting nanochains slip into tumors and explode a chemotherapy drug into hard-to-reach cores of cancer, engineers and scientists at Case Western Reserve University report.
Glass Fibers with Diagram
Nanocrystal-coated Fibers Might Reduce Wasted Energy
Apr 17, 2012 15:16 PM E
Researchers are developing a technique that uses nanotechnology to harvest energy from hot pipes or engine components to potentially recover energy wasted in factories, power plants and cars.
Japan
Japan to be without Nuclear Power after May 5
Apr 17, 2012 13:50 PM E
Japan will within weeks have no nuclear power for the first time in more than 40 years, after the trade minister said two reactors idled after the Fukushima disaster would not be back online before the last one currently operating is shut down.
Solar Cell
Nanotube Electrodes Improve Solar Cells
Apr 17, 2012 12:37 PM E
Forests of carbon nanotubes are an efficient alternative for platinum electrodes in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSC), according to new research by collaborators at Rice University and Tsinghua University.
Reaction between Sodium Carbonate and Silica Grains
X-rays Create a Window on Glass Formation
Apr 16, 2012 14:00 PM E
Scientists have for the first time visualised the transformation of powder mixtures into molten glass. A better understanding of this process will make it possible to produce high quality glass at lower temperatures, leading to significant energy savings in industrial glass manufacturing. The results are published in the Journal of the American Ceramic Society.
UWM Discovery Advances Graphene-based Electronics
Apr 16, 2012 13:08 PM E
Scientists and engineers at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM) have discovered an entirely new carbon-based material that is synthesized from the "wonder kid" of the carbon family, graphene. The discovery, which the researchers are calling "graphene monoxide (GMO)," pushes carbon materials closer to ushering in next-generation electronics.
Topological Transitions in Metamaterials
Apr 16, 2012 09:20 AM E
The ability to control the flow of electrons using engineered materials is fundamental to the information technology revolution, yet many properties of matter are still unclear. Now a University of Alberta researcher is closer to understanding some of the exotic electronic properties in matter using optical analogues.
Probing Hydrogen Under Extreme Conditions
Apr 16, 2012 08:57 AM E
How hydrogen--the most abundant element in the cosmos--responds to extremes of pressure and temperature is one of the major challenges in modern physical science.
IAEA
Nuclear Forensics: Key to Ensuring Nuclear Security
Apr 14, 2012 16:04 PM E
Nuclear material presents a risk if it is unsecured. Materials used throughout the nuclear fuel cycle as well as radioactive "sources" that are used routinely in medicine, industry and research may be lost, abandoned, or removed from inactivated facilities without authorization.
MAPT Sample
Magnetic Test Technique Helps Ensure Reliability of Microelectronics, PV cells & MEMS
Apr 13, 2012 16:42 PM E
Taking advantage of the force generated by magnetic repulsion, researchers have developed a new technique for measuring the adhesion strength between thin films of materials used in microelectronic devices, photovoltaic cells and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS).
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